Management of Natural Resources : NCERT Intext Questions


Q.1      What changes can you make in your habits to become more environment-friendly?

Changes that I suggest in my home in order to be environment-friendly are:-
(i) Instead of using polythene bags, start using cloth, paper or jute bags.
(ii) Reducing use of electricity by avoiding unnecessary use of light and fans.
(iii) Recycling of plastics, papers, glass and metal items.
(iv) Reusing different items like plastic bags, envelopes etc.

Q.2     What would be the advantages of exploiting resources with short-term aims?

Exploiting resources with short-term aims would have advantage for only present generation.
As, if resources exploit with short-term aims, then people of present generation would have more than sufficient amount of resources for use.

Q.3      How would these advantages differ from the advantages of using a long-term perspective in managing our resources?

Long-term perspective in managing our resources would have advantage for present and future generation, as, by using long - term perspective in managing resources, all resources would be available for present and future generation both in sufficient amount. But by exploiting with short term aims  only present generation would be benefit.

Q.4      Why do you think there should be equitable distribution of natural resources? What forces would be working against an equitable distribution of resources?

There should be equitable distribution of natural resources so that all people whether rich or poor utilize them according to requirement. In fact, all people or living beings have equal right to utilize the resources of the earth. But, some forces (rich people) working against an equitable distribution of resources due to which less than sufficient amount of resources are available to others.

Q.5      Why should we conserve forests and wildlife ?

We should conserve forests and wild life because -
(i) Forests are biodiversity hotspots i.e. different types of species of animals and plants are present in forests.
(ii) Forests provide wood and other raw materials for industries like paper industry, lac industry etc.
(iii) Forests help in maintaining ecological balance.
(iv) Forests provide different species of plants and animals for medicinal use.
(v) For eg. Quinine is a drug used for the treatment of malaria and it is obtained from bark of cinchona trees.
(vi) Forests prevent soil erosion.
(vii) Forests provide natural habitat for wild animals and birds and also for tribe people.

Q.6      Suggest some approaches towards the conservation of forests.

Some approaches towards the conservation of forests are as follows:
(i) Indiscriminate deforestation should be prohibited.
(ii) Overgrazing by the cattle should be prevented.
(iii) Reforestation of the deforested areas should be undertaken.
(iv) Measures should be taken to prevent and control forest fires.

(v)  People's participation in the conservation of forests is very important.

Q.7      Find out about the traditional systems of water harvesting/ management in your region.

Traditional techniques of water harvesting are nearly location specific.
For eg. khadins, tanks and nadis in Rajasthan.
Bandharas and tals in Maharashtra.
Ahars and Pynes in Bihar.
Kulhs in Himachal Pradesh.
Ponds in Jammu.

Q.8      Compare the above systems with the probable systems in hilly/ mountainous areas or plains or plateau regions.

The probable systems for water harvesting in hilly/ mountainous areas or plains or plateau regions are dams as they store water in large amount and can be used for different purposes like, irrigation, pisci-culture and to generate electricity.

Q.9      Find out the source of water in your region/locality. Is water from this source available to all people living in that area?

The sources of water in my locality are ground water and the municipality supply. Water from these sources is available to all people living in that area but in summer season shortage of water occurs.

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