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Management of Natural Resources : NCERT Exemplar


Multiple Choice Questions

Q.1 From the list given below pick the item that is not a natural resource

(a) Soil

(b) Water

(c) Electricity

(d) Air

Sol. (c)

Q.2 The most rapidly dwindling natural resource in the world is

(a) Water

(b) Forests

(c) Wind

(d) Sunlight

Sol. (b)

Q.3 The most appropriate definition of a natural resource is that it is a substance/commodity that is

(a) present only on land

(b) A gift of nature which is very useful to mankind

(c) A man-made substance placed in nature

(d) Available only in the forest

Sol. (b)

Q.4 The main cause for abundant coliform bacteria in the river Ganga is

(a) disposal of unburnt corpses into water

(b) Discharge of effluents from electroplating industries

(c) Washing of clothes

(d) Immersion of ashes

Sol. (a)

Q.5 The pH of water sample collected from a river was found to be acidic in the range of 3.5 – 4.5, on the banks of the river were several factories that were discharging effluents into the river. The effluents of which one of the following factories is the most likely cause for lowering the pH of river water?

(a) Soap and detergent factory

(b) Lead battery manufacturing factory

(c) Plastic cup manufacturing factory

(d) Alcohol distillery

Sol. (b)

Q.6 The pH range most conducive for life of fresh water plants and animals is

(a) 6.5 – 7.5

(b) 2.0 – 3.5

(c) 3.5 – 5.0

(d) 9.0 – 10.5

Sol. (a)

Q.7 The three R’s that will help us to conserve natural resources for long term use are

(a) Recycle, regenerate, reuse

(b) Reduce, regenerate, reuse

(c) Reduce, reuse, redistribute

(d) Reduce, recycle, reuse

Sol. (d)

Q.8 Given below are a few statements related to biodiversity. Pick those that correctly describe the concept of biodiversity

(i) Biodiversity refers to the different species of flora and fauna present in an area

(ii) Biodiversity refers to only the flora of a given area

(iii) Biodiversity is greater in a forest

(iv) Biodiversity refers to the total number of individuals of a particular species living in an area

(a) (i) and (ii)

(b) (ii) and (iv)

(c) (i) and (iii)

(d) (ii) and (iii)

Sol. (c)

Q.9 Among the statements given below select the ones that correctly describe the concept of sustainable development

(i) Planned growth with minimum damage to the environment

(ii) Growth irrespective of the extent of damage caused to the environment

(iii) Stopping all developmental work to conserve the environment

(iv) Growth that is acceptable to all the stakeholders

(a) (i) and (iv)

(b) (ii) and (iii)

(c) (ii) and (iv)

(d) (iii) only

Sol. (a)

Q.10 In our country, vast tracts of forests are cleared and a single species of plant is cultivated. This practice promotes

(a) Biodiversity in the area

(b) Mono culture in the area

(c) Growth of natural forest

(d) Preserves the natural ecosystem in the area

Sol. (b)

Q.11 A successful forest conservation strategy should involve

(a) Protection of animals at the highest trophic level

(b) Protection of only consumers

(c) Protection of only herbivores

(d) Comprehensive programme to protect all the physical and biological components

Sol. (d)

Q.12 The important message conveyed by the ‘Chipko Movement’ is

(a) To involve the community in forest conservation efforts

(b) To ignore the community in forest conservation efforts

(c) To cut down forest trees for developmental activities

(d) Government agencies have the unquestionable right to order destruction of trees in forests

Sol. ( a)

Q.13 In our country, there are attempts to increase the height of several existing dams like Tehri and Almati, dams across Narmada. Choose the correct statements among the following that are a consequence of raising the height of dams

(i) Terrestrial flora and fauna of the area is destroyed completely

(ii) Dislocation of people and domestic animals living in the area

(iii) Valuable agricultural land may be permanently lost

(iv) It will generate permanent employment for people

(a) (i) and (ii)

(b) (i), (ii) and (iii)

(c) (ii) and (iv)

(d) (i), (iii) and (iv)

Sol. ( b)

Q.14 Expand the abbreviation GAP

(a) Governmental Agency for Pollution Control

(b) Gross Assimilation by Photosynthesis

(c) Ganga Action Plan

(d) Governmental Agency for Animal Protection

Sol. ( c)

Q.15 Select the incorrect statement

(a) Economic development is linked to environmental conservation

(b) Sustainable development encourages development for current generation and conservation of resources for future generations

(c) Sustainable development does not consider the view points of stakeholders

(d) Sustainable development is a long planned and persistent development

Sol. (c)

Q.16 Which of the following is not a natural resource?

(a) Mango tree

(b) Snake

(c) Wind

(d) Wooden house

Sol. (d)

Q.17 Select the wrong statement

(a) Forests provide variety of products

(b) Forests have greater plant diversity

(c) Forests do not conserve soil

(d) Forests conserve water

Sol. (c)

Q.18 Arabari forests of Bengal is dominated by

(a) Teak

(b) Sal

(c) Bamboo

(d) Mangrove

Sol. (b)

Q.19 Ground water will not be depleted due to

(a) afforestation

(b) Thermal power plants

(c) Loss of forest, and decreased rainfall

(d) Cropping of high water demanding crops

Sol. (a)

Q.20 Opposition to the construction of large dams is due to

(a) Social reasons

(b) Economic reasons

(c) Environmental reasons

(d) All the above

Sol. (d)

Q.21 Khadins, Bundhis, Ahars and Kattas are ancient structures that are examples for

(a) Grain storage

(b) Wood storage

(c) Water harvesting

(d) Soil conservation

Sol. (c)

Q.22 Pick the right combination of terms which has no fossil fuel.

(a) Wind, ocean and coal

(b) Kerosene, wind and tide

(c) Wind, wood, sun

(d) Petroleum, wood, sun

Sol. (c)

Q.23 Select the eco-friendly activity among the following

(a) Using car for transportation

(b) Using polybags for shopping

(c) Using dyes for colouring clothes

(d) Using windmills to generate power for irrigation

Sol. (d)

Q.24 It is important to make small check dams across the flooded gullies because they

(i) Hold water for irrigation

(ii) Hold water and prevent soil erosion

(iii) Recharge ground water

(iv) Hold water permanently

(a) (i) and (iv)

(b) (ii) and (iii)

(c) (iii) and (iv)

(d) (ii) and (iv)

Sol. (b)


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