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India size and Location : NCERT Exercise Questions

Q.1     Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below. 
(i)       The Tropic  of Cancer does not pass through 
           (a) Rajasthan
           (b) Orissa 
           (c) Chhattisgarh
           (d) Tripura
Sol.     Orissa 

(ii)     The easternmost longitude of india is
           (a)  97^\circ \,\,\,25'\,E
           (b)  68^\circ \,\,7'\,E
           (c)  77^\circ \,\,6'\,E
           (d) 82^\circ \,\,32'\,E
Sol.     (a) 97^\circ \,\,\,25'\,E

(iii)     Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim. have common frontiers with
            (a) China
            (b) Bhutan 
            (c) Nepal
            (d) Myanmar
Sol.      (c) Nepal

(iv)     if you intend to visit Kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of india you will be going to
           (a) Pondicherry
           (b) Lakshadweep
           (c) Andaman and Nicobar 
           (d) Diu and Daman
Sol.     (b) Lakshadweep

(v)     My friend hails from a country which does not share land boundary with India. Identify the country.
          (a) Bhutan 
          (b) Tajikistan
          (c) Bangladesh
          (d) Nepal
Sol.    (b) Tajikistan

 Q.2     Answer the following questions briefly.

(i)        Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian sea.
Sol.       LAkshadweep

(ii)      Name the countries which are larger then India.
Sol.      Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Russia and USA

(iii)     Which island group of India lies to its south-east?
Sol.       (i) Lakshadweep islands.
             (ii) Russia, Canada , USA, China, Brazil and Australia.
             (iii) Andaman and Nicobar islands.

Q.2     The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?
Sol.      The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the mainland is about 30°. Despite this fact, the east-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent. From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh there is a time lag of two hours. Hence, time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30'E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh) is taken as the standard time for the whole country. The latitudinal extent influences the duration of the day and night, as one moves from south to north.

Q.3     The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?
Sol.      The trans Indian Ocean routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia provide a strategic central location to India.


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