Democracy In The Contemporary World : NCERT Exercise Questions


Q.1     Which of the following does not lead to the spread of democracy?
           (a) Struggle by the people
           (b)  Invasion by foreign countries
           (c)  End of colonialism
           (d) People’s desire for freedom
Sol.       (b) Invasion by foreign countries


Q.2     Which of the following statement is true about today’s world?
           (a)  Monarchy as a form of government has vanished .
           (b)  The relationship between different countries has become more democratic than ever before.
           (c)  In more and more countries rulers are being elected by the people.
           (d)  There are no more military dictators in the world.
Sol.       (c) In more and more countries rulers are being elected by the people


Q.3    Use one of the following statements to complete the sentence: Democracy in the international organisations requires that …
          (a)  The rich countries should have a greater say.
          (b)  Countries should have a say according to their military power.
          (c)  Countries should be treated with respect in proportion to their population.
          (d)  All countries in the world should be treated equally.
Sol.      (d) All countries in the world should be treated equally


Q.4    Based on the information given in this chapter, match the following countries and the path democracy has taken in that country. 

Country Path to democracy
(a) Chile 1. Freedom from British colonial rule
(b) Nepal  2. End of military dictatorship
(c) Poland 3. End of one party rule
(d) Ghana 4. King agreed to give up his powers

Sol.     (a) - 2, (b) - 4, (c) - 3, (d) - 1


Q.5     What are the difficulties people face in a non-democratic country?
Sol.       People face following difficulties in a non-democratic country:

             (a)  People cannot choose their rulers.
             (b)  People do not have the freedom to express their views, to organize and to protest.


Q.6     Which freedoms are usually taken away when a democracy is overthrown by the military?
Sol.       When a democracy is overthrown by the military then most of the basic freedoms are taken away. People no longer have a say in the choice of ruler. They do not enjoy the freedom of expression and personal liberty.


Q.7     Which of the following positions can contribute to democracy at the global level? Give reasons for your answer in each case.
           (a) My country gives more money to international institutions. Therefore, I want to be treated with more respect and exercise more power.
           (b) My country may be small or poor. But my voice must be heard with equal respect, because these decisions will affect my country.
           (c) Wealthy nations will have a greater say in international affairs. They cannot let their interests suffer just because they are outnumbered by poor nations.
           (d) Big countries like India must have a greater say in international organisations.
Sol.       (b) My country may be small or poor. But my voice must be heard with equal respect, because these decisions will affect my country.



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