Coal And Petroleum - Class 8 : NCERT Exercise Questions



Q.1 What are the advantages of using CNG and LPG as fuels?
Sol. The advantages of using CNG and LPG as fuels are as follows:
(i) They are less polluting fuels.
(ii) They are easy to store and transport through pipes.
(iii) They can be used directly for burning in homes and factories.
(iv) They are cleaner fuel.
(v) CNG is used for power generation.

Q.2 Name the petroleum product used for surfacing of roads.
Sol. Bitumen is the petroleum product used for surfacing of roads.

Q.3 Describe how coal is formed from dead vegetation. What is this process called?
Sol. About 300 million years ago, there were dense forests on the earth. As a result of natural disasters like floods these forests got buried under the soil. Eventually, layers of soil got deposited over them and compressed them. The high pressure and temperature over these buried forest converted them into coal. As coal contains mainly carbon, the slow process of conversion of dead vegetation into coal is called carbonisation.

Q.4 Fill in the blanks:
(a) Fossil fuels are ___________, __________ and ___________.
(b) Process of separation of different constituents from petroleum is called __________.
(c) Least polluting fuel for vehicle is ___________.
Sol. (a) Fossil fuels are Natural Gas, Coal and Petroleum.
(b) Process of separation of different constituents from petroleum is called refining.
(c) Least polluting fuel for vehicle is CNG.

Q.5 Tick True/False against the following statements:
(a) Fossil fuels can be made in the laboratory.          (T/F)
(b) CNG is more polluting fuel than petrol.              (T/F)
(c) Coke is almost pure form of carbon.                   (T/F)
(d) Coal tar is a mixture of various substances.        (T/F)
(e) Kerosene is not a fossil fuel.                                (T/F)
Sol. (a) Fossil fuels can be made in the laboratory.     (False)
(b) CNG is more polluting fuel than petrol.                (False)
(c) Coke is almost pure form of carbon.                      (True)
(d) Coal tar is a mixture of various substances.          (True)
(e) Kerosene is not a fossil fuel.                                 (False)

Q.6 Explain why fossil fuels are exhaustible natural resources.
Sol. Fossil fuels are formed over a period of millions of years, resulting due to the action of high temperature and high pressure on the remains of dead plants and animals. These fossil fuels are exhaustible natural resources because if these are exhausted by human activities they cannot be recreated in a short period of time.

Q.7 Describe characteristics and uses of coke.
Sol. The characteristics of coke are it is a tough, porous and black coloured substance. And it is almost pure form of carbon. The use of coke is in the manufacturing of steel and in the extraction of many metals.

Q.8 Explain the process of formation of petroleum.
Sol. Petroleum is formed from organisms living in the sea. As these organisms died, their body settled down at the bottom of the sea and gets covered with sand and clay. The absence of air, high pressure and high temperature for over millions of years transforms the dead organisms into petroleum and natural gas.

Q.9 The following Table shows the total power shortage in India from 1991– 1997. Show the data in the form of a graph. Plot shortage percentage for the years on the Y-axis and the year on the X-axis.

S. No.

Year

Shortage(%)

1 1991

7.9

2

1992

7.8

3

1993

8.3

4

1994

7.4

5

1995

7.1

6 1996

9.2

7

1997

11.5

 Sol. Following is the graph the total power shortage in India from 1991 – 1997. The x-axis represents the ‘Year’ and the y-axis represents the ‘Shortage (%)’



1 Comment

Leave a Reply

Get Lifetime Subscription at never before 75% Off . Only few slots left! Get
Now