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Chapter Notes: Constructions CBSE Class 9

Some Important Points

1) To Draw the Bisector of a line segment.

Example: Draw a line segment 5.8 cm long and draw its perpendicular bisector.
Construction:1: Draw a line segment AB=5.8 cm by using graduated ruler.
2: With a centre and radius more than half of AB, draw arcs, one on each side of AB.
3: With B centre and some radius as in step 2, draw arcs cutting the arcs drawn in step-2 at E and F respectively.
4: Draw the line segment with E and F as end Points.
The Line segment EF is the required perpendicular bisector of AB.

2) To draw the bisector of a given angle.

Example: Construct an angle of {45^ \circ } at the initial point of a given ray and justify the Construction.
Construction:1: Draw a ray OA.
2: With O as centre and any suitable radius draw an arc cutting OA at B.
3: With B as centre and same radius cut the previous drawn arc at C and then with C as centre and same radius cut the arc at D.
4: With C as centre and radius  more  than half CD draw an arc.
5: With D as Centre and same radius draw another arc to cut the previous arc at E.
6: Join OE. Then \angle AOE = {90^ \circ }
7: Draw the bisector OF of \angle AOE then \angle AOF = {45^ \circ }
By Construction \angle AOE = {90^ \circ } and OF is the bisector of \angle AOE
Therefore, \angle AOF = {1 \over 2}\angle AOE = {1 \over 2} \times {90^ \circ } = {45^ \circ }

3) Construct an equilateral triangle, given its side and justify the construction.

Example: Draw an equilateral triangle of side 4.6 cm
Construction:1: Draw  BC = 4.6 cm
2: With B and C as centres and Radii equal to BC=4.6 cm, draw two arcs on the same side of BC, intersecting each other at A.
3: Join AB and AC.
Justification : Since by construction :
AB = BC = CA = 4.6 cm
Therefore \Delta ABC is an equilateral triangle.

4) Construction of a triangle when its Base, Sum of the other two sides and one base angle are given.

Example: Construct a triangle ABC in which  BC = 7 cm,  \angle B = {75^ \circ } and  AB + AC = 13 cm.
Construction:1: Draw a ray BX and cut off a line segment BC = 7 cm
2: Construct \angle XBY = {75^ \circ }
3: From BY, cut off BD = 13 cm.
4: Join CD.
5: Draw the perpendicular bisect of CD, intersecting BA at A.
6: Join AC.
The triangle ABC thus obtained is the required triangle.

5) Construction of a triangle when its base, difference of the other two sides and one base angle are given.

Example: Construct a triangle PQR in which  QR = 6 cm \angle Q = {60^ \circ } and PR – PQ = 2 cm.
Construction:1: Draw a QX and Cut off a line segment QR= 6 cm from it.
2: Construct a ray QY making an angle of {60^\circ} with QR and Produce YQ to form a line YQY'
3: Cut off a line segment QS = 2cm from QY'.
4: Join RS.
5: Draw perpendicular bisector of RS intersecting QY at a ponit P.
6: Join PR.
Then PQR is the required triangle.


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