**Q.1Â Â Â Â In figure ABCD is a parallelogram, AE DC and CF AD. If AB = 16 cm, AE = 8 cm and ****CF = 10 cm, find AD.**

**Sol.**

We have,

Area of a || gm = Base Ã— Height

Therefore, Area of || gm ABCD = AB Ã— AE

Â Â Â Â Â Â ...(1)Â

Also area of || gm ABCD = AD Ã— CF

Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â ... (2)

From (1) and (2) we get

128 = AD Ã— 10

**Q.2Â Â Â Â Â If E, F, G and H are respectively the mid- points of the sides of a parallelogram ABCD, show thatÂ ****ar(EFGH) **

* Sol.Â Â Â Â Â Â Â * HGF and || gm HDCF stand on the same base HF and lie between the same parallels HF and DC.Â

Therefore,Â Â Â Â Â Â Â ... (1)

Similarly, HEF and ||gm ABFH stand on the same base HF and lie between the same parallels

HF and AB.

Therefore Â Â Â Â Â ... (2)

Therefore Adding (1) and (2), we get

**Q.3Â Â Â Â P and Q are any two points lying on the sides DC and AD respectively of a parallelogram ABCD. Show that ar(APB) = ar(BQC).**

* Sol.Â Â Â Â Â Â * APB and || gm ABCD stand on the same base AB and lie between the same parallels AB and DC.

Therefore .... (1)

Similarly , BQC and || gm ABCD stand on the same base BC and lie between the same parallels BC and AD.

Therefore .... (2)

From (1) and (2) , we have

ar(APB) = ar (BQC)

**Q.4Â Â Â Â In figure, P is a point in the interior of a parallelogram ABCD. Show thatÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â (i) ar (APB) + ar (PCD) = Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â (ii) ar (APD) + ar(PBC) = ar (APB) + ar (PCD).
**

* Sol.Â Â Â Â Â Â *Draw EPF parallel to AB or DC and GPH parallel to AD or BC.

Now AGHD is a|| gm

[Since GH || DA and AG|| DH]

Similarly, HCBG, EFCD and ABFE are parallelograms.

**(i)** APB and || gm ABFE stand on the same base AB and lie between the same parallels AB and EF.

ThereforeÂ ... (1)

Similarly,Â ... (2)

Adding (1) and (2) , we get

** (ii)** APD and || gm AGHD are on the same base AD and lie between the same parallels AD and HG.

Therefore

Similarly,

Adding (4) and (5), we get

From (3) and (6) we get

ar (APD) + ar (PBC) = ar (APB) + ar(PCD).

**Q.5Â Â Â Â Â In figure PQRS and ABRS are parallelograms and X is any point on side BR. Show thatÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â (i) ar (PQRS) = ar (ABRS) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â (ii) ar (AXS) ar (PQRS).
**

(i) || gm PQRS and || gm ABRS stand on the same base RS and lie between the same parallels SR and PAQB.

Therefore ar(PQRS) = ar (ABRS) ... (1)

(ii) AXS and || gm ABRS stand on the same base AS and lie between the same parallels AS and RB.

Therefore ar (AXS) ar (ABRS)

ar (AXS) ar (PQRS) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [Using (1)]

**Q.6Â Â Â Â Â A farmer was having a field in the form of a parallelogram PQRS. He took any point A on RS and joined it to points P and Q. In how many parts the fields is divided? What are the shapes of these parts? The farmer wants to sow wheat and pulses in equal portions of the field separately. How should he do it?**

* Sol.Â Â Â Â Â Â *Clearly, the field i.e., || gm PQRS is divided into 3 parts. Each part is of the shape of triangle.

Since APQ and || gm PQRS stand on the same base PQ and lie between the same parallels PQ and SR.

Therefore ar (APQ) ar (PQRS) ... (1)

Clearly, ar (APS) + ar (AQR) = ar (PQRS) â€“ ar (APQ)

= ar (PQRS) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [Using (1)]

From (1) and (2), we get

ar (APS) + ar (AQR) = ar (APQ)

Thus , the farmer should sow wheat and pulses either as [(s APS and AQR) or APQ] or as

[ APQ or (s APS and AQR )]

Contact Us

Very understandable

Thanks for the use

very nice and understandable

Helpful

Awesome it helps me a lot easily to understand

mast

Very helpful

But no more.

Mast hh yaar..

very good

nice

Help full

Nice good helpful

Very helpful for making notes

Helped me very well

Very. Good and helpful

Thanksgiving

These r very awesome Nd superb answers and Very helpful for exam notes

I'm a maths lover and here I've seen that these questions ncert CBSE pattern are very cool.

I'm a maths lover and here I've seen that these questions of ncert CBSE pattern are very cool.

Helpfully

Nice answers

Very helpful

Very nice full

nice answer

These questions are very helpful to me because our math teacher says do question 2nd yourself but my math is week but truely here i understand this question

Ok

helpfull

Nice

GoooooooooÃ¶d I say

Good

Good

Bhoth badiya

Hlpfull

Gud

Very nice and very helpful

Best